Fake honey is one of the main reasons why people lose trust in honey. This is one reason why many people interested in honey can’t buy real honey. This fake honey has also made it difficult for bee farmers who have good honey to sell it. However, illegal traders mix honey for-profit and deceive consumers who do not understand about honey. Let’s take a look at how fake honey is made and how to identify them.
Adding water to pure honey
Adding water to honey is one of the most common methods of making fake honey. The important thing is that only the person who mixed it knows how much water is mixed into this honey. But you can identify honey mixed with water. The purity of the honey depends on the purity of the water used.
Take a piece of paper and put some honey on it. If the honey does not penetrate, it means those are pure honey. If there is penetration or even dripping, it means honey is mixed with water.
Boiled sugar honey
Fake honey made from sugar is also found. Making this is also a simple process. First, mix sugar and water and bring to a boil. Then add brown sugar to it. Once the brown sugar is well dissolved, add the alum to it. Finally, you can get a pale yellow thick liquid. Adding some flavor to this makes it difficult to distinguish it from real honey.
The average consumer may not recognize it at all, but it can be detected by alcohol. When the sugar is mixed with the alcohol, a white flock appears. Then you can judge there is sugar in the honey.
Sugar and sulfuric acid
Sugar and sulfuric acid boil is another method of making fake honey. First, boil water and then add sugar to the pot. Wait until the sugar has dissolved, and add the sulfuric acid while stirring. The sulfuric acid can crack the sugar to obtain monosaccharides and boil. As the storage time increases, the color changes to darker.
Same as above boiled sugar honey identification.
Mixing syrup and maltose is another way to make fake honey. Maltose is a yellow-brown liquid. After mixing with the syrup it looks like real honey, but it is recognizable by taste. Therefore, some counterfeiters will add real honey to bring the aroma and taste of this fake honey closer to real honey.
When mixed with maltose, it can be tested with alcohol. If white flocs appear after alcohol is added, it indicates that maltose is mixed. Fructose syrup is basically indistinguishable without professional equipment.
Enzymatic hydrolysis of starch to make fake honey is an advanced fraud method. It is to ferment starch to produce fructose syrup. Fructose syrup is mainly composed of glucose and fructose. The color is almost the same as that of natural honey.
Starch will change color when it meets iodine, and the sensitivity is very high. Therefore, take a small amount of honey that needs to be tested. Then add a few iodines to the honey.
For iodine, if the honey has a blue reaction, it means that it is mixed with starch. If the honey’s color becomes blue-purple, purple, or orange, it may be mixed with dextrin.
Inferior honey blending
Blending inferior honey into high-quality honey is currently the most popular method. Many inferior and low-grade honey have meager prices. The price of high-quality honey is very high.
Therefore, some unethical traders use inferior honey to add pigments or flavors to blend into high-quality honey. Or use various inferior honey to blend into soil honey, or even fabricate some non-existent honey.
It is the most difficult to identify the adulteration of honey. This situation is also prevalent in the market. People who have bought honey know that honey can be divided into many types according to different sources of honey. It is almost impossible to distinguish this type of honey.
Simple Ways to Identify Fake Honey
|Identification feature||Real Honey||Fake Honey|
|The taste||After a while the taste disappears.||The taste lasts longer.|
|The thickness||It is quite thick. When placed in a container, it takes time to move from one side to the other.||It is very light and fluid.|
|The aroma||You can feel the natural scent of nectar flowers.||Industrial sour smell or almost no smell at all|
|The stickiness||It is not sticky when rubbed between fingers.||It’s a bit sticky|
|When the honey is heated||It caramels quickly and does not form foam.||Never caramelizes|
|Dissolution in water||It is not dissolved in water. The granules are deposited on the bottom.||Dissolves in water.|
Read out more about honey identification when buying