Beekeeping is a traditional breeding industry. It provides rich bee products to society and gives the people a way to get rich with less investment and quick results. Beekeeping is also a highly technical work. It is necessary to strictly follow the natural law and correctly handle the relationship between bee colony, climate, and honey source. Otherwise, it will lead to the low efficiency of beekeeping and personal loss. The reasons for the low benefit of beekeeping are as follows.
01. Natural conditions
Here are the factors that can cause your honey yield to decrease due to natural causes. such as
- Lack of nectar plants
- Insufficient pollen resources or nectar plants
- Flowering does not secrete honey
- Only a few auxiliary nectar sources
It is unwise to invest blindly without considering such situations. As a result, the bee colony can not reproduce. So it’s resulting in too much investment and little return.
02. Bee species
Do not select bee species that are not adapted to the local geographical environment and climate for the breeding process. Also, because the queen of the same race is used for a long time, other bees are reluctant to invest in a new queen bee.
This leads to the degradation of the whole colony and the lack of combat effectiveness of bees. This condition severely affects bee control and production.
03. Feeding management
Cultivation of proper age bees
The key to obtaining a high yield is to cultivate the right age bee. In spring, the colony did not breed, or the colony propagated strongly but did not produce suitable age-old bees to collect honey. However, most of the nectariferous period of Tilia amurensis (Amur lime) in the Northern Asia area starts at the end of June and the beginning of July.
Beekeepers collect bees according to their reproductive age. However, with climate warming, the flowering period increased slightly year by year. In 1998, it was 5-7 days ahead of schedule. That is, Tilia had already blossomed and secreted honey on June 23-25.
For those who are new to beekeeping, they fail to understand this natural change. They blindly cultivate suitable age collection bees according to the old rules and regulations. As a result, suitable age bees are not suitable for their age.
When the bees are strong, they have reached the flow of honey. In the late or late stage, little harvest. Moreover, at this time, there is little or no source of nectar and powder from the outside world, and more feed should be fed to maintain the group potential and increase the input.
Not only production, care about reproduction
Tilia and sunflower are the two main honey sources in North Asia. After the Tilia blossom period, the sunflower nectar period begins (about 20 days apart). After the end of Tilia honey, it is the stage of reproduction and adjustment of the bee colony.
The strength of bee colony changes hugely, and some weak colony has no reproduction capacity. However, some beekeepers focus on including them all in the sunflower season, regardless of the colony’s situation.
Studies have proved that the production of sunflower honey will lose bees.
Sometimes honey is collecting from the surface to cover losses. But it has completely weakened the colony potential, dragged down the colony, and caused big troubles in breeding overwintering bees. In serious cases, it is difficult for the bee colony to survive the winter, which directly affects the reproduction and production of the next year’s bee colony. The so-called is to care about this and lose the other, because of. It does not mean that sunflower honey cannot be harvested.
It is necessary to organize honey gathering groups wisely. According to the actual situation of bees, the strong group should grasp for the honey gathering. You should pay attention to the weak group for breeding, autumn honey collection, and strong bee colony. This method will help you to lay a foundation for the next year.
Internal factors of bee colony
When some bee colonies gather nectar, they appear to be very strong, and there are many bees, but the yield is not high. It may cause because:
- Poor bee species
- Few field bees
- Poor reproductive capacity of new and old bees
- Poor collection power
- Infestation by pests
- Incompetence, or bee fever
Therefore, it is necessary to observe, frequently check through the surface phenomenon outside the box.
Management factors of autumn propagation
This includes timely control of mites according to the climate change, complete control of mites before entering the cellar and supplement of feed, etc. It would be best if you cultivated strong overwintering bees according to local conditions. You need to make great efforts to ensure the safe overwintering of bee colonies to lay a foundation for next year’s production.
It would be best if you were not careless about avoiding simple things. Without the investment, the quality of bee colony overwintering will be affected artificially, and the annual production plan will be disturbed.
04. Regarding the bee release site
Stick to the bee site
Most beekeepers have a “sickness.” They always go to the original place year after year to put the bees. They always think they have had a good harvest in the past and not so much this year. Even if the harvest poor this year, it will be harvested next year. Or this route is very familiar and does not need labor and effort.
Many people still do not care so much about the impact of nature. For example, woodcutting, climate change, and bees’ collection and release have undergone big changes. These factors are more likely to reduce yields and reduce benefits in bee colonies.
As soon as they hear about a good place to keep bees, some beekeepers go to that place. It is not advisable to do so without a site inspection. The result is a waste of time and losses.
Experienced people communicate with each other, having honey sources in different places. They communicate with each other to capture the climate and nectar source conditions in other places. It has the advantage of reducing bee release blindness and orientation. It is saving time in locating, reducing waste and unnecessary costs. Achieve and target timely strikes.
Most importantly, we must strike at the right time and have a specific goal.
Gathering and releasing bees
Be aware that your bee colony is overcrowded. This is because an increase in bees causes a decrease in honey. Be sure to control the number of bees according to the number of resources they have. Be especially careful if you want to move the colony to another site to change its nectar source.
05. Social environment
Beekeeping sites are charged unfairly by some relevant departments. You will also be inconvenienced by different types of taxes. In addition, crop application and poisoning, and destructive activities by offenders interfere with beekeeping production. So that beekeepers cannot devote themselves to beekeeping production and affects income.
06. Operation and management
The operation and management of the entire bee farm should be “two-handed”. That is beekeeping on the one hand and product marketing on the other. This is the basic method of encouraging bee farms and the basic method of enriching beekeeping.
Beekeeping production factors
Many beekeepers use their energy to collect nectar. They think that the amount of nectar collected is a measure of economic income level. They underestimate the ancillary income of other bee products such as royal jelly, propolis, and bee products. As a result, invisible waste and losses increase.
Product sales factors
Some beekeepers wait for customers to come to buy their own collection of bee products. They do not actively understand the market and have no idea lazy thinking about how much they can sell.
The real rich beekeepers spend their leisure time beekeeping to sell their own products and promote the product market. They work hard, walk the streets and alleys, deliver goods straight from door to door. They are focus on striving for greater efficiency, enriching your bee farms, and gradually expanding beekeeping.
It can be seen that many factors affect the low efficiency of beekeeping. As long as you grasp each link, study beekeeping knowledge diligently, master beekeeping technology and management knowledge proficiently, combine theory and practice, follow objective laws, and give full play to one’s own initiative. I am sure that the road to wealth will be widened and extended under your feet shortly. It will be like a hard-working bee, brewing sweeter honey.